Methane Dry Reforming over Nickel Perovsikite Catalysts
De Caprariis, B.
De Filippis, P.
Petrullo, A.
Scarsella, M.
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De Caprariis B., De Filippis P., Petrullo A., Scarsella M., 2015, Methane Dry Reforming over Nickel Perovsikite Catalysts, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 43, 991-996.
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In recent years dry reforming of methane (DRM) has received considerable attention as a promising alternative to steam reforming for synthesis gas (H2 and CO) production. This process could be industrially advantageous, yielding a syngas with a H2/CO ratio close to 1, suitable for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis to liquid hydrocarbons and for production of valuable oxygenated chemicals.
The major drawback of the process is the endothermicity of the reaction that implies the use of a suitable catalyst to work at relatively low temperatures (923 – 1,023 K). Higher temperatures would make the process unaffordable for an industrial development and would increase the risk of undesirable side reactions, such as coke formation, that are the main causes of catalyst deactivation.
In this work the activity of nickel perovskite catalysts were studied and the results were compared with rhodium perovskite. It is well known that rhodium is very active and stable for dry reforming but its high cost makes its utilization limited. The Ni, due to its low cost, is a promising substitute even if it is more susceptible to coking. The perovskite structure allows a high dispersion of the metal into the catalyst increasing the catalytic activity. In this work the Ni perovskite was obtained with two methods (auto-combustion and modified citrate methods). The results pointed out that the Ni perovskite obtained with the auto-combustion method is a promising route for the use of Ni in this process. The experimental tests show that with Ni catalyst very good activity can be achieved from temperature of 973 K.
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