Becidan M., Wang L., Fossum M., Midtbust H., Stuen J., Bakken J., Evensen E., 2015, Norwegian Waste-to-Energy (WtE) in 2030: Challenges and Opportunities, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 43, 2401-2406.
The Norwegian Waste-to-Energy (WtE) industry faces a difficult situation on many levels: (a) an internationally open and competitive market with significant export of both MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) and C&I (Commercial & Industrial) waste to Sweden, (b) low energy revenues reduce profitability, (c) a limited national market (both concerning district heating and industry customers), (d) questions about CO2 footprint and (e) a more and more stringent regulative framework. All that comes in addition to an array of technical challenges associated with waste as a fuel for combustion applications. This work is a short discussion of important aspects, both challenges and opportunities, for the Norwegian 2030 WtE industry. The authors are from the three largest WtE actors in Norway, a WtE technology provider and a leading R&D institute. The reflection axes are articulated along three questions: What are the unique advantages offered by WtE to the Norwegian society? What are the challenges faced by WtE in Norway? What are the novel aspects that will be essential for Norwegian WtE to take into account in the coming years.