Drying Kinetics and Physico-chemical Quality of Mango Slices
Russo, Paola
Adiletta, Giuseppina
Di Matteo, Marisa
Farina, Vittorio
Corona, Onofrio
Cinquanta, Luciano
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How to Cite

Russo P., Adiletta G., Di Matteo M., Farina V., Corona O., Cinquanta L., 2019, Drying Kinetics and Physico-chemical Quality of Mango Slices, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 75, 109-114.
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Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is an important tropical fruit consumed worldwide and grown in Italy only in Sicily, where the areas of the Tyrrhenian coast have proved to be suitable to produce valuable fruits. Mango fruit has a pleasant aroma and taste, which are important qualities for consumer’s sensorial acceptance. However, they are highly perishable, prone to progressive undesired changes if stored untreated, resulting in around 25% postharvest losses, which is further increased during storage and transportation. An alternative for reducing the above-mentioned undesired changes is the dehydration of the cut fruit, which reduce the fruit water activity, thereby avoiding the deteriorative process and extending the shelf-life. This study investigates the effect of dehydration at different temperatures (50, 60 and 70°C) on drying kinetics and volatile compounds of two cultivars (Keitt and Osteen) of mango fruits cultivated in Sicily. Significant losses of volatile constituents of fresh mango occurred at higher temperature, especially for the Osteen cultivar. A diffusion model including the effect of shrinkage is also proposed, which may be used to describe drying behaviour of fruits and to define the optimal drying conditions.. Experimental data of the moisture ratio during drying were well predicted by the model.
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