The archipelagic geography of the Philippines has resulted in thousands of inhabited off grid islands wherein energy and water access are hindered. Electricity in these islands is provided by diesel generators, while water is obtained from rainwater, groundwater, or imports from the mainland. As an alternative to these costly and unsustainable sources, hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) coupled with reverse osmosis (RO) desalination has been investigated for the cogeneration of electricity and water. In this work, the techno economic potential of coupled RO HRES in selected off grid areas in the Philippines was evaluated. Solar photovoltaics, wind turbines, lithium ion batteries, and diesel generators were considered as HRES components. Dumaran Island and Bantayan Island were chosen as case studies because both islands have faced electricity and water supply concerns. Moreover, these islands present different use cases as Dumaran Island is mainly residential while Bantayan Island has a growing resort industry. Three scenarios were considered in this work to analyze the transition from the status quo to the energy water system: diesel only, HRES, and RO HRES. The islands and scenarios were modeled using the Island Systems LCOEmin Algorithm, an in house energy systems modeling tool written in Python 3. Transition from the diesel only system to HRES decreased the system costs by an average of 15.1 % in both islands. However, the installation of RO was primarily beneficial for the resort island wherein electricity costs increased by only 0.8 % from the HRES scenario and water costs were 80 % lower than current rates in surrounding islands. In contrast, RO deployment in the residential island raised electricity prices by 10.8 %.