The COVID-19 pandemic has a significant impact on human life from social, economic, and environmental aspects globally. The educational dimension has also been affected in schools’ regular functioning, with the temporary closure of educational institutions and the disruption of face-to-face classes. Research that focuses on sustainable education during the COVID-19 pandemic is growing. There needs to be new knowledge and innovation to turn these challenging conditions into opportunities to reshape higher education. This study aims to review research in sustainable education during the COVID-19 pandemic, categorise the study, and identify the research trends and gaps. A systematic literature review is used as a methodology to attain the research objective. The results contribute to researchers providing potential topics that need to be further analysed. For practices, this study will help educators identify the opportunities and advance the implementation of sustainable education systems during the COVID-19 pandemic.