Sustainable Design of Hybrid Energy Systems towards Carbon Neutrality
Tian, Xueyu
You, Fengqi

How to Cite

Tian X., You F., 2021, Sustainable Design of Hybrid Energy Systems towards Carbon Neutrality, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 88, 1207-1212.


As Cornell is transitioning to a carbon-free energy system by 2035, the campus energy system of the future will be based on 100% renewable energy sources. Specifically, the electricity will be mainly sourced from the local electric grid, which is expected to be carbon-free in the next two decades. Earth source heating and lake source cooling will serve as the major source for base-load renewable heating and cooling, respectively. Multiple geothermal wells will be drilled to meet the base-load heating demand. A conventional chiller will continue to provide auxiliary cooling sources for hot summer days in addition to the LSC system. Peak load will be fulfilled by introducing thermal energy storage and green hydrogen. This study addresses the economically optimal future design by developing a multi-period optimization model, to provide insights for the campus energy systems transition. A systematic life cycle assessment is adopted to examine the extent of carbon neutrality based on the optimization results.