Thermodynamic Study of a Cooled Micro Gas Turbine for a Range Extended Electric Vehicle
Najib, Joelle
Nemer, Maroun
Bouallou, Chakib

How to Cite

Najib J., Nemer M., Bouallou C., 2021, Thermodynamic Study of a Cooled Micro Gas Turbine for a Range Extended Electric Vehicle, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 88, 1255-1260.


Carbon dioxide released by the transportation sector has a significant impact on the environment. Nowadays, the research efforts are thoroughly investing in the capability of series hybrid electric vehicles in reducing CO2 and NOX emissions. Many regulations are encouraging automakers to substitute internal combustion engines with electric vehicles. Although the latter are zero-emissions energy sources, they are expensive and have a limited autonomy range. Therefore, recent studies are interested in gas turbines (GTs) in series hybrid electric vehicles (SHEV). A gas turbine (GT) coupled to an alternator is considered as an auxiliary power unit capable of charging the battery of the electric vehicle once depleted. The microturbine is generally composed of a centrifugal compressor and a radial turbine mounted on the same shaft with a recuperator and air bearings. Based on previous researches and thermodynamic analysis, the most suitable gas turbine cycle with regard to the efficiency and the net specific work is composed of two compression stages with an intercooler, a regenerator, and two expansion stages with a reheater. It can be deduced that by increasing the turbine inlet temperature, the system efficiency increases. However, the inlet temperature is limited by turbine materials constraints and specifications. The present paper focuses on developing a more efficient GT cycle by reaching higher inlet temperatures by cooling the turbine blade. It consists of using compressed gas from the compressor and introduce them into the turbine blades. This technology takes into consideration the influence of the extracted mass of compressed air, the effectiveness of the coolant, and the turbine blade temperature on thermal efficiency. An increase of the cycle efficiency of 4.78 points is obtained for a turbine inlet temperature of 1,450 °C.