The use of Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) has grown over the last 30 years due to its perception as a readily available Bio-fuel. This increased use of RDF, is closely shadowed by the growth of industrial fires and explosions, and these associated hazards require a rethink of fire and explosion protection/prevention processes at power plants. It is known that RDF fires are notoriously difficult to detect and extinguish when in enclosed storage spaces and can last for days, weeks or even months. Additionally, under conducive and aligned conditions, the effluent from RDF deep seated smouldering fires can lead to explosions. It is therefore necessary to review current practices within RDF pellet fuel handling & fuel storage, to prevent future accidents, and to make the industry as safe as possible.