The health and safety in the industry integrate procedures, techniques, and elements that can be applied to an organization to identify, evaluate, and control dangerous agents used in processes and activities. In addition, it is used to measure and propose actions for the prevention of incidents or health diseases. The main objective is to save the lives and health of the workers and avoid any possible damage to the company's actives. (Arellano y Rodríguez, 2013). For example, the Colombian company in the metal-mechanic sector studied counts with operational and administrative workers with a Risk Level of three (medium). The company supplies services for the oil sector, specifically in producing and maintaining steel pieces. The main risks in the company are work incidents, extern property damage, and professional diseases.
In consequence, they have a goal to establish procedures for the health preservation of workers and improve corporate image and competitiveness. All the mentioned above is because their clients are essential Colombian companies like CASAVAL and ECOPETROL. Therefore, the main objective of the present research was to design the safety and health management system for an essential Colombian company in the metal-mechanic sector. The aim was to guarantee a healthy team worker with safe work conditions. For it, we used a four steps methodology: the first step consists of SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis, followed by the five forces diagram by Porter, then, we identified the intervention needs for risk prevention using the Colombian Technical Guide CTG 45 norm, and finally, the study established the control, following and evaluation measures for the management system.
The workforce in the company develops their activities under constant noise, vibrations, low luminary, and the exposure of inorganic dust. Additionally, they have contact with shavings, solvents, metals, and daily they work in prolonged postures or make repetitive motions. Also, workers deal with decision-making processes and mental charges (Mancera, et al, 2018; Gracia, et al., 2018). According to the process developed in the company, the present work established different programs for monitoring different aspects: epidemiologic, wellness, auto care, and risk prevention. Furthermore, process, structure, and result indicators were developed to measure the efficiency of the safety management system. These indicators can also identify and execute corrective actions and continuous improvement strategies for no conformity found.