On Safety Enhancement in Iiot Scenarios Through Heterogeneous Localization Techniques
Davoli, Luca
Belli, Laura
Denaro, Francesco
Tamang, Dinesh
Abrardo, Andrea
Ferrari, Gianluigi

How to Cite

Davoli L., Belli L., Denaro F., Tamang D., Abrardo A., Ferrari G., 2022, On Safety Enhancement in Iiot Scenarios Through Heterogeneous Localization Techniques, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 91, 259-264.


In the field of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), strictly related to Industry 4.0, one of the main aspects to be carefully considered by the governing board of a manufacturing company is the safety level to be guaranteed to the workers inside production plants. This involves daily human activities, together with production machines to be used during the working hour (and periodically maintained), and mobile industrial vehicles moving around the production plant. To this end, a precise localization of both workers and vehicles is expedient to improve the safety level—avoiding that people move inside forbidden areas or perform dangerous actions—as well as allowing a more accurate control and reporting to national authorities in charge of verifying the compliance to safety regulations (e.g., aggregated data, not shared outside the company, used to fill injuries reports in case of official inspections), in the presence of accidents and anomalous events. In this paper, we present the design of IIoT-related localization mechanisms exploiting heterogeneous communication technologies, in turn analysing how the localization can cope with the adoption of wideband (e.g., Wi-Fi) and narrowband (e.g., Narrowband IoT, NB-IoT) communication protocols and discussing how these communication paradigms may impact existing and modern production plants.