The Occupational Health and Safety Management System is a fundamental tool that identifies, evaluates, and controls the risks and dangers to which they are exposed to workers in work environments. Also, it permits companies to develop improvement plans and activities in compliance with the country's government regulations, regardless of the size and economic activity of each one.
In Bogotá, there is an association of waste pickers, constituted as a household public service company. They are mainly dedicated to promoting, integrating, organizing, facilitating, representing, and guiding waste pickers by trade to collect, classify, and dispose of usable solid waste. Given the activity they carry out, there is concern about the deterioration of the health conditions of the workers or, in many cases, the occurrence of work accidents, which entail different problems for the company. It is noteworthy that some risks to which the company's workers are exposed in the exercise of their work include: the risk of contamination, intoxication, infection, skin lesions, and deterioration of skin integrity due to the non-use of personal protection elements (PPE) and biohazard from contact with hazardous waste or residues.
Based on the above, it is essential to establish management systems for the well-being and health of workers; therefore, this work focuses on the design of the Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS) based on ISO 45001: 2018. The system's adoption offers the necessary instruments to help identify, control, and mitigate the risk factors inherent in the work activity. Additionally, it is intended that workers can have safe workspaces with the promotion of good practices in favor of environmental and occupational care in the exercise of their work, avoiding penalties for non-compliance with this.