Tire Waste Steel Fiber in Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete
Macmac, Jaysoon D.
Clemente, Stephen John C.
Lejano, Bernardo
Ongpeng, Jason Maximino C.

How to Cite

Macmac J.D., Clemente S.J.C., Lejano B., Ongpeng J.M.C., 2022, Tire Waste Steel Fiber in Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 94, 1327-1332.


The accumulation of waste tires leads to environmental degradation caused by uncontrolled dumping in landfills, which are prone to fire and emit harmful gases like carcinogens. Reusing this as reinforcement to self-compacting concrete (SCC) is an alternative way to address the issue. For over a decade, SCC emerged in the construction industry due to its enhanced mechanical properties and capacity to self-consolidate on its own. However, there is still limited literature describing the behavior of SCC with tire waste steel fiber (TWSF). This study provides an overview of the extraction, quantification, geometric characterization, surface characterization, and application of TWSF to self-compacting concrete to determine workability and the compressive strength of SCC with TWSF. A total of five mixes were prepared, including the control noted as SCC without fiber and SCC with TWSF, with fiber content ranging from 0.7 %, 1 %, 2 %, and 3 %. The fresh properties were evaluated using the European Federation for Specialist Construction Chemicals and Concrete (EFNARC) standards such as slump flow test, T500, L-Box, and wet sieving or GTM Screen Stability Test. In addition, the compressive strength was determined after 28 days. The investigation reveals that these fibers can be retrieved in three ways: manually cutting the tire's edge, using a specialized machine to pluck the fibers, or incinerating them. It was projected that 4.85 - 7.16 x 105 t of TWSF might be generated annually. The result of the inclusion of TWSF in SCC does not significantly affect the workability. However, there is a reduction in the passing ability of about 11.713 % and 186.75 % for GTM screen stability, but all mixes are still within the acceptable ranges specified on the EFNARC standard. In contrast, the results reveal that adding 3 % TWSF to SCC enhances compressive by 31 %, which might be due to the fiber's uneven surface, increasing the bond between the fiber and concrete. As a result, the TWSF can be utilized to strengthen the SCC and fully applied in the construction industry. Additionally, it is advantageous to combine TWSF with SCC to extend its life resulting in lower carbon emissions produced during the production processes.