Vol 37 - Editorial
This volume 37 of Chemical Engineering Transactions publishes articles on BioMass research area.
The 149 articles in this volume cover 15 different subjects:

Solid biofuel Combustion at different scales of application
Pyrolysis, Torrefaction, Carbonisation and Char production
Gasification for Syngas production and Power
Bio from Digestion
Lignocellulosic ethanol, biomass fermentation
Bio to (combined) Refineries
Production of solid biofuels and feedstock characterization
Biodiesel, jet fuels production from oil-based fuels and chemicals from Syngas
Innovative processes from waste
Innovative use of wastes
Residue from agriculture and harvesting
Algae cultivation and supply chain
Sustainability and impact with environment
Biomasses from dedicated bioenergy crops
Biofuel kinetics and pollutant formation

All the articles have been peer-reviewed for acceptance by at least two reviewers, frequently by three and rarely by more (see: Publication Policy) All the articles are identified by a DOI number and will be evaluated for inclusion into SCOPUS and ISI citation databases.
In a future, low carbon economy and bioenergy can play a significant role and contribute substantially to the global energy supply and to a Society entirely independent of fossil fuels as programmed by 2050. Within this scope many Countries invest resources and set up ambitious strategies towards the achievement of the large share of the 20% renewable energy target by 2020.
Many experts predict that energy from biomass shall increase in the next years by 66%, meaning that biomass use ( at least for electricity production) will double compared to 2010.
However a long list of utmost important and pending challenges is still evident and facing the Research Activity:
- How processes are effectively designed, how they properly fit into a grid of sustainable power supply that includes wind, geo, hydro and solar.
- How we should use our agricultural resources in a sustainable and ethical way avoiding a negative impact on another global challenge such as scarcity of food.
- Can we demonstrate that biomass is a secure an sufficient supply of energy for the future?
- Are we able to treat urban Biowaste so that we may convince the community to a more efficient recycling? Is Biowaste bound to become more important than Biomass in a continuously increasing developed society ?
- Is the conversion from biomass to bioenergy, biofuel or bio-product achieving a real reduction of greenhouse gas emissions ?

This Volume provides a forum of the latest key innovations within bioenergy technologies and solutions, it has the unique feature of prominent reference on biomass research area, contributing to the consolidation of a culture aiming at a sustainable growth of the enterprise value based on the sosutainability and on the environmental protection.
Eliseo Ranzi, Katharina Kohse-Höinghaus (Guest Editors)