Novel Approach for Integrated Biomass Supply Chain
Hong, B.H.
Lam, H.L.
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How to Cite

Hong B., Lam H., 2015, Novel Approach for Integrated Biomass Supply Chain, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 45, 475-480.
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In Malaysia, palm-based biodiesel is one of the renewable energy that has been commonly produced and used to produce energy. To increase the energy security, the development of another renewable energy source is very critical. This paper proposes a multiple biomass corridor concept for systematic design of waste-to-energy supply network. Paddy, sugar cane and pineapple biomass are incorporated in the strategy together with palm biomass to form a supply chain in order to meet the increasing energy demand. These are the main agricultural plantations after palm oil in Malaysia. These biomass sources have good potential to meet the developing local biodiesel market in Malaysia as well as the growing renewable energy share globally. In the supply chain, these wastes are converted to value-added product or energy. Therefore, this zero-waste approach will result in a fall in carbon emission. A Mathematical Programming model is then developed to synthesise the multiple biomass corridor. Based on the optimised result, the distribution and logistics network as well as the potential centralized processing hubs are determined. In addition, the optimum processing technologies path/network of the processing hub is determined. To elucidate the proposed framework, a real case study that geographically based on a state in the Peninsular of Malaysia is performed.
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