A Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) Approach for Optimal Selection of Low-carbon Energy Technologies
Promentilla, M.A.B.
Aviso, K.B.
Tan, R.R.
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Promentilla M., Aviso K., Tan R., 2015, A Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) Approach for Optimal Selection of Low-carbon Energy Technologies, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 45, 1141-1146.
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In process systems engineering, one may encounter design problems that require choosing one among the predefined set of alternatives in a complex decision making environment. In most cases, the selection process involves multiple conflicting criteria that can be either qualitative or quantitative in nature. The use of multiple attribute decision making (MADM) technique thus has been proven effective in providing a transparent, systematic and rational approach to problem solving. In this study, a variant of the widely used MADM technique known as the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) has been developed and applied for the selection of low-carbon technologies. This approach enables the selection of optimal alternative by incorporating not only the judgment of domain experts but also their degree of confidence through the use of fuzzy numbers for the pairwise comparison ratios in the AHP decision framework. The proposed fuzzy AHP then determines a set of crisp weights that maximizes the degree of consistency of all judgments taken together. The said approach can also derive crisp weights from an incomplete fuzzy pairwise comparative judgment matrix (PCJM). To illustrate the technique, a case study involving comparison of electricity storage technologies for renewable energy systems is considered. This selection problem is important due to the intermittent nature of many forms of renewable energy, which thus require cost-effective auxiliary energy storage subsystems for successful deployment.
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