Alkylation of Isopropanol with Ethanol over Heterogeneous Catalysts
Zharova, P.
Chistyakov, A.
Tsodikov, M.
Nikolaev, S.
Corbetta, M.
Manenti, F.
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Zharova P., Chistyakov A., Tsodikov M., Nikolaev S., Corbetta M., Manenti F., 2016, Alkylation of Isopropanol with Ethanol over Heterogeneous Catalysts, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 50, 295-300.
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The importance of synthesis of carbon-carbon bonds is reflected by the fact that Nobel Prizes in Chemistry have been given to this area: The Grignard reaction (1912), the Diels-Alder reaction (1950), the Witting reaction (1979), the olefin metathesis Y. Chauvin, R.H. Grubbs and R.R. Schrock (2005), the palladium- catalyzed cross-coupling reactions to R. F. Heck, A. Suzuki, E. Negishi (2010). For the first time ever alkylation of isopropanol with ethanol was carried out over heterogeneous 0.2-1 wt.% Au and/or 0.02-0.3 wt.
%Ni – containing catalysts without any sacrificial agents and/or presence of acidic/base additives. The catalyst containing 0.2 wt.% Au and 0.18 wt.% Ni supported on ?-Al2O3 was found to be the most selective in the cross-coupling route. Total selectivity of coupling products reached up to 70 %, conversion of the both initial alcohols was 50 %. Structural investigations of the Au, Ni – containing catalysts permitted to determine probable active sites peculiarities that provide effective one-pot alkylation of isopropanol with ethanol.
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