Effect of Adsorption Parameter on the Removal of Aspirin Using Tyre Waste Adsorbent
Azman, Asyiq
Ngadi, Norzita
Awg Zaini, Dyg Khairunnisa
Jusoh, Mazura
Mohamad, Zurina
Arsad, Agus
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Azman A., Ngadi N., Awg Zaini D.K., Jusoh M., Mohamad Z., Arsad A., 2019, Effect of Adsorption Parameter on the Removal of Aspirin Using Tyre Waste Adsorbent, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 72, 157-162.
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In recent years, pharmaceutical compound has been detected in small concentration in our surface and ground water. This detection raises a lot of concern as is it reported that pharmaceutical compound can bring adverse effect to the environment even at low concentration. Besides that, there is a growing fear that this compound will eventually end up in human drinking water, thus effecting human health. This prompt a lot of research on the removal method for this particular compound. Adsorption is seen as the most viable option because of its high efficiency, low cost and it is environmentally friendly. In this study, the adsorbent used is carbon black derived from tyre waste via pyrolysis at 800 ºC. The carbon black was treated with 6 M of nitric acid (HNO3) at 90 °C for 0.5 h before being subjected to thermal treatment at 600 °C for 1 h. The response of the adsorption study is the removal of aspirin. There were five adsorption parameters that were varied in this study which are the contact time (until equilibrium), initial pH of aspirin solution (pH 3, pH 7, pH 11), temperature (30, 50, 70 °C), initial concentration (10-100 mg/L) and adsorbent dosage (0.1 g, 0.5 g, 1.0 g). The best removal capacity obtained was 40.40 mg/g of aspirin at pH 3, temperature of 30 °C, 100 mg/L initial concentration and 0.02 g adsorbent dosage.
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