Cr(vi) Removal by Chitosan-magnetite Nano-composite in Aqueous Solution
Bavasso, Irene
Vuppala, Srikanth
Cianfrini, Claudio
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Bavasso I., Vuppala S., Cianfrini C., 2019, Cr(vi) Removal by Chitosan-magnetite Nano-composite in Aqueous Solution, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 73, 163-168.
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The production of functionalized nano-composites represents an important research activity in the environmental remediation field. The use of iron-based nano-particles (IBNs) supported on bio-polymer matrix might lead to the development of active nano-materials characterized by a notable eco-compatibility. Chitosan is a biodegradable biopolymer that can be effectively used to produce active nano-composites with IBNs. In this study, a chitosan-magnetite nano-composite was produced in the laboratory and used in batch experimental tests for the removal of Hexavalent Chromium, Cr(VI), in aqueous solutions. Cr(VI) is considered one of the most toxic compounds present in the Mediterranean Area due to its carcinogenic and mutagenic characteristics, besides its notable solubility and mobility in the environment. The most effective way for the remediation of Cr(VI)-polluted groundwater is represented by the combination of chemical reduction and co-precipitation processes, generating Cr(III) species, characterized by very low toxicity and solubility in comparison to Cr(VI) ones. The synthesized nano-composite was used in batch lab-scale reactors and the kinetics of the process was studied varying the initial nano-composite concentration (0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1 g/L) at fixed Cr(VI) initial concentration (20 mg/L). In addition, the initial pH influence on the Cr(VI) removal efficiency was analyzed in the range 3-7
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