Particle size analysis is most fundamental analysis to powder technology. However, the validation or calibration of particle size analysis, especially the laser diffraction (LD) method, was not often carried out due to the difficulty to prepare the well-known sample. For example, the validation of LD method need spherical reference particles, of which size distribution is better to have a range over one decade of size. As this request, the Association of Powder Process Industry and Engineering, Japan distributed three kinds of standard reference particles (SRP) of spherical barium titanate glass; their size ranges are 1 – 10 µm, 3 – 30 µm and 10 – 100 µm. Those particles are also fitted to the reference particles in JIS Z 8900-1 Standard.
In this paper, the particle size distribution (PSD) based on volume of SRP which was converted from the number-based PSD of SRP measured by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) was compared with PSD measured by LD instruments, which was conducted by the Technical Group of Measurement and Control in APPIE. PSD results measured by LD instruments were almost same as each other. PSD by LD method was slightly different from PSD measured by SEM. This discrepancy was discussed by using by a flow type image analysis method which could measure the size of particles in the aqueous solution. It was found that sample particles could not be dispersed completely in the aqueous solution even if using dispersing instruments such as an ultrasonic bath, and that this influence was not serious to the PSD result when using the suitable operating condition of ultrasonic bath.