The evaluation of ignition probabilities is a fundamental step within the calculation of hazardous phenomena frequencies associated to a loss of containment of a flammable product (explosion, pool fire, jet fire). An error on this step can substantially change quantitative risk analysis conclusions.
It is important to keep in mind that quantitative risk analysis are increasingly used to design facilities. In other words, facilities (equipment, structures and buildings) are designed to withstand accidental loads up to down a certain frequency. Three main approaches are commonly used for ignition probabilities calculation: tabulated values ??from databases, semi-quantitative methods or more or less sophisticated mathematical models.
Nowadays, time dependent models are implemented to predict the evolution of the ignition probability as function of time. These models are particularly useful when combined with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) calculations to provide flammable gas volume build up as function of time. Thus, it is possible to predict the evolution of the delayed ignition probability as function of time. Main interest of these models is to propose a discretization by time intervals of the delayed ignition probability. This approach is particularly relevant for performing explosion risk analysis.