This study examines four prominent thermochemical conversion technologies such as slow pyrolysis (SP), fast pyrolysis (FP), gasification (GA) and hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL), for treating poultry litter in New York State (NYS). Nine cases involving various combinations of the four technologies and different downstream processing options such as bio-oil upgrading, Fischer-Tropsch conversion and combined heat and power generation are chosen based on the product composition and distribution. High-fidelity process simulations for each technological platform are performed to derive the mass and energy balance information. Calculations and breakdown of the equipment costs, capital costs, operating and maintenance costs and utilities are provided and compared extensively for each of the nine cases. The economic performance is further analyzed by calculating and comparing the resultant net present values (NPV), ranging from $10 M to $170 M (SP), $89 M to $314.5 M (FP), $28 M to $196 M (HTL) and $25 M to $234 M (GA). The greenhouse gas emission inventories are also compiled to understand the corresponding impacts of different downstream processing choices (ranging from 217 to 494.5 kg CO2-eq/t feedstock with both the pyrolysis technologies outperforming the others in most cases) and to highlight the trade-off with economic performance. Through sensitivity analysis, the influential factors requiring further investigation are identified and it is found that plant capacity and bio-oil yield are the most important parameters for the fast pyrolysis systems, biochar price for SP is the single most important parameter.