CO2 Separation from Flue Gases by Adsorption
Nedoma, Marek
Netušil, Michal

How to Cite

Nedoma M., Netušil M., 2021, CO2 Separation from Flue Gases by Adsorption, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 88, 421-426.


This paper deals with gas separation by adsorption processes. The key objective is to investigate the adsorption suitability for Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture (PCC). Adsorption is a promising technology suitable for a high volume of diluted gas processing. Unlike commercialised amine-based absorption processes, adsorption seems to require less energy for sorbent regeneration and extends the sorbent lifetime. Two common industrial methods utilizing a difference in adsorption equilibrium of the gas components were investigated: 1) Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) including Vacuum Swing Adsorption (VSA), 2) Temperature Swing Adsorption (TSA). A comparison of their energy consumption, suitability for industrial use with consideration of Carbon Capture and Storage standards is evaluated. A complex mathematical model for the adsorption step of the fixed bed adsorber was proposed and solved by the structural programming. Three adsorbent materials: Mg-MOF-74, UTSA-16, and Zeolite 13X were evaluated based on their CO2 adsorption capacity, selectivity, and market availability. Zeolite 13X was further explored. As a benchmark case, a medium-sized natural gas cogeneration unit was used to study the potential of VSA unit. The lower limit of CO2 capture efficiency in simulations was 75 %. The results presented in this paper suggest that adsorption can be a feasible CO2 capture solution for a low-carbon emission power generation technologies. Optimal parameters for the adsorption step and column configuration are proposed.