Techno-economics of Hybrid System Electrification of Roll-on/Roll-off Vessels in the Philippines
Somera, Jairus Dameanne C.
Parado, Sean Pierce E.
Castro, Michael T.
Ocon, Joey D.

How to Cite

Somera J.D.C., Parado S.P.E., Castro M.T., Ocon J.D., 2021, Techno-economics of Hybrid System Electrification of Roll-on/Roll-off Vessels in the Philippines, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 88, 559-564.


The shipping industry is vital for archipelagic countries like the Philippines as they allow transport between islands, but it is a notable contributor of greenhouse gases. In this work, a framework for analyzing the techno-economic potential of hybridizing a sea vessel with solar photovoltaics, lithium-ion batteries, and diesel generators was presented. The roll on/roll off vessel Filipinas Ozamis was considered as a case study due to its commercial use. A 3D model of the roll-on/roll-off vessel was used to measure the ship’s dimensions. The load profile of the vessel was estimated from the ship’s dimensions, operational profile, route, and speed according to the MarineTraffic AIS database. Afterwards, diesel-only and hybrid energy systems were sized in HOMER Pro to power the electrified ship while minimizing its costs and noting the available space on the sea vessel. Lastly, the profitability of the hybrid energy system was determined. The hybrid system was marked with increased capital costs, but the fuel consumption and CO2 emissions were 18.50 % and 27.90 % lower than those of the diesel-only system, respectively. The hybrid system also had lower generation costs and 23.64 % higher net present value than the diesel-only system. This framework can be used in the absence of measured load profiles and can be extended to other sea vessels to conduct a national techno-economic assessment of hybridizing the country’s maritime industry.