Currently, due to the environmental and human health implications of the use of conventional pesticides in agricultural crops, it has become necessary to search for new alternatives to commercially available synthetic pesticides, such as organic products with herbicide and insecticide activity due to their biodegradability. Specificity and the ability to alter the behavior of pests in crops. However, the use of residual biomass such as avocado seeds has been studied due to its potential as biopesticides and its application for the mitigation of environmental pollution. Considering the above, this review sought to compare the compounds in different avocado seed extracts, with potential insecticide and herbicide activity.
The species Drosophila melanogaster and Lemna minor are considered biological models to evaluate the insecticidal and herbicidal properties, respectively, due to their easy handling in the laboratory. The literature consulted shows that the avocado seed is a biomass that can be used as a strategy to control pests and diseases in crops, contributing to its application as an organic pesticide in agribusiness.