An Electrochemical-Thermal Multiphysics Model for Lithium Polymer Battery
Domalanta, Marcel Roy B.
Castro, Michael T.
Ocon, Joey D.
Del Rosario, Julie Anne D.

How to Cite

Domalanta M.R.B., Castro M.T., Ocon J.D., Del Rosario J.A.D., 2022, An Electrochemical-Thermal Multiphysics Model for Lithium Polymer Battery, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 94, 145-150.


With the rising energy demand, safe and efficient energy storage technologies have been increasing in importance. Lithium Polymer (LiPo) batteries use a gel polymer to act as both separator and electrolyte, which is thermally and electrochemically more stable and safer than conventional liquid electrolytes. Besides exploring new materials, engineering a reliable multiphysics model is vital to exploiting and optimizing existing LiPo batteries' potential. This study developed a multiphysics model for a Lithium Cobalt Oxide (LCO)-graphite- Poly(vinylidene fluoride - hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-HFP) pouch-type mobile phone LiPo. A pseudo-2-dimensional electrochemical model was coupled with a 3D thermal model using COMSOL Multiphysics® to determine the working voltage and temperature during discharge and was compared with experimental data from a commercial LiPo battery and evaluated using Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). The simulated discharge curve agrees remarkably well with the experimental results. The simulated temperature profile has shown appreciable discrepancies primarily due to the generated entropic change coefficient values that significantly affect the battery's heat generation. Overall, the models can be employed as a design tool to evaluate the component design and estimate the system performance of LiPo batteries for commercial applications. Furthermore, researchers can expand the study to investigate more advanced electrochemical phenomena and performances of state-of-the-art lithium and post-lithium chemistries.