Cyclic Degradation Prediction of Lithium-Ion Batteries using Data-Driven Machine Learning
Lim, Lerissah D.
Tan, Andrei Felix J.
Tomacruz, Jan Goran T.
Castro, Michael T.
Remolona, Miguel Francisco M.
Ocon, Joey D.

How to Cite

Lim L.D., Tan A.F.J., Tomacruz J.G.T., Castro M.T., Remolona M.F.M., Ocon J.D., 2022, Cyclic Degradation Prediction of Lithium-Ion Batteries using Data-Driven Machine Learning, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 94, 787-792.


Accurately estimating the capacity degradation of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries is vital in ensuring their safety and reliability in electric vehicles and portable electronics. Future capacity estimation using machine learning (ML) models allow battery lifetime predictions with minimal cycling data in the train set, well before capacity degradation occurs within the cell. The use of ML methods removes the need for prior knowledge of cell chemistry and the physical and chemical behaviors of batteries. In this paper, the data-driven ML models Gaussian process regression (GPR) and recurrent neural network – long short-term memory (RNN-LSTM) estimated the charge capacity of Li-ion batteries from the Oxford Battery Dataset, using only the battery's cycle index and capacity as input. With only 15 % of the battery’s lifetime as training data, the GPR model achieved a mean average percent error (MAPE) of 8.335 % and an R2 of 0.9755, while the LSTM model achieved a MAPE of 9.984 % and an R2 of 0.9898. These results indicate the goodness of fit and are comparable to results from similar models in the literature (MAPE = 9.1 to 15 %). The methodology may be applied to different features to help establish the relationship between health indicators and capacity fade and can be used in applications that require early capacity prediction such as in space technologies where lifetime and capacity are crucial in ensuring success and safety. This successful estimation highlights the promise and potential of accurately predicting Li-ion battery capacity degradation using a single-feature approach.