Heavy Metals Separation in Wastewater Comparing Different Types of Nanostructured Adsorbents
Sieni, Elisabetta
Barozzi, Marco
Sgarbossa, Paolo
Russo, Eleonora
Sandon, Annalisa
Copelli, Sabrina

How to Cite

Sieni E., Barozzi M., Sgarbossa P., Russo E., Sandon A., Copelli S., 2023, Heavy Metals Separation in Wastewater Comparing Different Types of Nanostructured Adsorbents, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 100, 277-282.


In the framework of sustainability, proposing new technologies to improve the current linear economy system is one of the most challenging aspects for both academics and industries. In this context, the optimization of wastewater recovery and re-use are among the most crucial aspects to improve; in fact, contaminated waters come from a wide range of industries: cooking, refineries, food, pharmaceuticals, textile and agriculture. Heavy metals are among the most critical pollutants, being widely spread (especially in the textile sector) and difficult to remove. In this work, two different sets of Magnetic Nanostructured Adsorbents (MNAs) to clean wastewaters containing Chromium (III), Nickel (II) and Copper (II) ions were studied and compared. The first type of MNA was a 2-D nanosheet structure generated using iron (II/III) salts and sodium (or ammonium) hydroxide solution to decorate a dispersion of graphene oxide (GO) in water. The second type of adsorbent was a 3-D structure composed of GO-MNAs embedded in cross-linked alginate beads. Performed experiments (in a wide range of metal ions concentrations) showed very promising results in terms of removal efficiencies (almost complete abatement could be achieved using a proper amount of MNAs) with respect to all tested contaminants, highlighting better performances of the beads with respect to the corresponding 2-D structure.