Renewable Energy from Whisky Distillery By-products
Olanrewaju, Francis O.
Andrews, Gordon E.
Phylaktou, Herodotos N.
Li, Hu
Smith, Steve
Maxfield, James D.
Wakeman, Richard

How to Cite

Olanrewaju F.O., Andrews G.E., Phylaktou H.N., Li H., Smith S., Maxfield J.D., Wakeman R., 2023, Renewable Energy from Whisky Distillery By-products, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 105, 211-216.


Whisky distillery by-products draff and pot ale (PA) have an energy content that potentially can be used to decarbonize distillery heating. Draff consists of wet grains which are the residue of the first stage of whisky production. PA is the liquid residue that results from the first stage of the distillation at malt distilleries. The yearly production of distillery by-products was estimated to have increased by 27,000 tonnes (dry) in 2014. It is not feasible to store distillery by-products because of their bio-chemical nature and high volumes. Therefore, distillery by-products need to be removed from the site as they are produced. The most economical way to dispose of distillery by-products is by using them as feed stock for bioenergy. Some distilleries send draff and pot ale to AD plants, but to be useful they have to be dried and the use of fossil fuels for this makes the process uneconomical and the carbon emissions have to be deducted from any green biogas that is produced. This work showed for the first time that distillery draff could be air-gasified. The restricted ventilation Cone calorimeter method was used. An FTIR that was calibrated for 60 species was used to carry out the speciation of the product gases. The experimentally determined optimum gasification equivalence ratio (Ø) and gasification thermal efficiency for the gasification of draff were 4.5 and 90% respectively.
Keywords : Draff, gasification, decarbonisation, equivalence ratio,