Towards a Sustainability Framework for Hydrogen Refuelling Stations: a Risk-based Multidisciplinary Approach
Paltrinieri, Nicola
Yamamoto, Toshiyuki
Rusin, Andrzej
Sala, Roser
Liu, Yiliu
Sato, Hitomi
Gokcek, Murat

How to Cite

Paltrinieri N., Yamamoto T., Rusin A., Sala R., Liu Y., Sato H., Gokcek M., 2023, Towards a Sustainability Framework for Hydrogen Refuelling Stations: a Risk-based Multidisciplinary Approach, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 105, 439-444.


Sustainable hydrogen technology is becoming increasingly important as the world moves towards cleaner and more sustainable sources of energy. Hydrogen is a clean and versatile energy carrier that has the potential to play a critical role in the transition to a low-carbon economy. However, to realize this potential, significant technological advancements are needed in the production, storage, and distribution of hydrogen. To achieve these advancements, a multidisciplinary approach is required that involves technical, organizational, social, and economic factors. Sustainable hydrogen technology development is a complex and multifaceted process that requires the integration of various perspectives and expertise. A framework is needed to bring together these perspectives and develop a common approach to assessing risks and opportunities associated with hydrogen technology. This contribution proposes a framework addressing system modelling and analysis issues in clean hydrogen production and storage, with a focus on uncertainties that can impact social, economic, and environmental sustainability of hydrogen production and refueling facilities. By using risk-based performance and degradation models, the framework helps prevent and mitigate accidents and builds organizational safety culture and procedures while better communicating with the public. The framework also identifies optimal operational modes for increasing the feasibility of hydrogen refueling stations, ultimately leading to the development of more efficient, reliable, and lower-cost hydrogen-based technologies. The development of a common risk-based framework promotes sustainable hydrogen technology and identifies new opportunities for growth and collaboration. The framework is developed collaboratively through an international research network. By integrating multiple perspectives and disciplines, the framework can provide a roadmap for the development of sustainable hydrogen technology and create opportunities for future growth and development in the field.