Effectiveness and Quality of Coating Different Polymeric Coupons with Cellulose Hydrogels
Estevam, Bianca R.
Azevedo, Gabriel A.
Cavallini Junior, Aldemir A.
Maciel Filho, Rubens
Moraes, Angela M.
Fregolente, Leonardo V.

How to Cite

Estevam B.R., Azevedo G.A., Cavallini Junior A.A., Maciel Filho R., Moraes A.M., Fregolente L.V., 2024, Effectiveness and Quality of Coating Different Polymeric Coupons with Cellulose Hydrogels, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 109, 181-186.


This study aimed to analyse and compare the effects of dip-coating with cellulose hydrogel coupons of Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate (ASA), polyamide (Nylon®), and Tritan® to produce hydrophilic structures for water uptake from fuels. In this process, the polymeric substrates were immersed in a cellulose solution after adding the crosslinking agent (epichlorohydrin). The samples were kept in the solution at 30 ºC for 1 h and then removed at a withdrawn speed of 98 or 410 mm.min-1. The coated and uncoated materials were characterized regarding contact angle, mass of hydrogel adhered and surface morphology. In addition, the roughness of the uncoated substrates was measured. The samples underwent sequential swelling and drying cycles to evaluate water retention and the possibility of reusing the material. Tukey test, at a 95 % confidence level, was used to assess differences in roughness, the mass of adhered hydrogel, contact angle, and swelling degree for each polymeric substrate and condition analysed. The coated coupons exhibited increased hydrophilicity when compared to the uncoated control group, reaching a water contact angle of around 50 º. ASA displayed the greatest incorporation of hydrogel; however, it was mainly retained in the grooves of the material, limiting its ability to interact with water. Meanwhile, the hydrogel film formed on Nylon® coupons achieved a higher degree of swelling (3.5-3.9 g.g-1). Thus, this study demonstrated that the material used in the coating process strongly influenced the characteristics of the hydrogel film formation and its performance regarding water retention.