Use of Low-cost Materials for Tar Abatement Process
De Caprariis, B.
De Filippis, P.
Hernandez, A.D.
Petrullo, A.
Scarsella, M.
Verdone, N.
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De Caprariis B., De Filippis P., Hernandez A., Petrullo A., Scarsella M., Verdone N., 2017, Use of Low-cost Materials for Tar Abatement Process, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 57, 91-96.
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In the present work char, olivine and mayenite were used as bed materials to study ability to remove tar produced in biomass thermal processing. The tar gases formed from the pyrolysis reactions of the olive pomace biomass were forced to pass through the bed material. Nitrogen was used as carrier gas. The temperature of the bed was set at 660 °C and no oxidizing agent was added during the tests. The char was produced from the pyrolysis of olive pomace biomass. Olivine was used without any pre-treatment. Mayenite was synthesized in laboratory using CaCO3 and Al2O3 as precursors. Among the tested materials, mayenite showed the best tar removal capacity and stability, with a total tar removal of about 60% after 60 min time on stream, while in the case of char and olivine the attained value was 15%. The measured average nitrogen-free gas flow value in the tests carried out with mayenite was 0.84 NL min-1, whereas in the case of char and olivine the obtained average gas flow values were 0.65 and 0.55 NL min-1, respectively. Accordingly, the higher average hydrogen amount was measured in the tests using mayenite as bed material (36%).
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