Shortcut Biological Nitrogen Removal (SBNR) in Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs)
Bavasso, I.
Montanaro, D.
Petrucci, E.
Di Palma, L.
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Bavasso I., Montanaro D., Petrucci E., Di Palma L., 2017, Shortcut Biological Nitrogen Removal (SBNR) in Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs), Chemical Engineering Transactions, 57, 727-732.
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Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) represent nowadays a promising technology for the treatment of industrial wastewater. In this work the Shortcut Nitritation/Denitritation process in H-type MFC was investigated. The cell was fed by sodium acetate and fumaric acid, as organic carbon source, and ammonium sulphate, sodium nitrite and sodium nitrate as nitrogen source. Anaerobic digestion supernatant (digestate) was used as bacterial source. Batch tests were performed at a TOC/N ratio of 0.35, and Total Organic Carbon (TOC), pH and Open Circuit Voltage (OCV) were daily monitored. High organic carbon removal (up to 85%) in short time (within 6 days) were achieved. The nitritation proved to be independent of organic carbon amount and composition: an ammonium content reduction of about 45% was observed. Regarding the denitritation step, an almost quantitative removal of nitrite and nitrate was observed when fumaric acid was used as a carbon source.
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