Production of Nano Zero Valent Iron Particles by Means of a Spinning Disk Reactor
Vilardi, G.
Stoller, M.
Verdone, N.
Di Palma, L.
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Vilardi G., Stoller M., Verdone N., Di Palma L., 2017, Production of Nano Zero Valent Iron Particles by Means of a Spinning Disk Reactor, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 57, 751-756.
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Nitrates are considered hazard compounds for human health due to their tendency to be reduced to nitrites, in particular in reducing environment. Nano zero valent iron (nZVI) represents an efficient and low-cost adsorbent/reductive agent for nitrate removal from groundwater. In this work, nZVI particles were produced by means of two different equipment types based on the same chemical synthesis method: a batch stirred tank reactor (BSTR) and a spinning disk reactor (SDR). This latter apparatus is capable to strongly promote micromixing at a steady-state, continuous condition, and such as qualifies to subsist in the framework of process intensification. Particle size distribution (PSD) of the obtained nZVI particles were measured by a DLS technique. The removal efficiency of the produced nVI particles were checked by using two NO3- solutions (1.6 and 6.4 mM) and by monitoring nitrate concentration reduction rates at selected time intervals. Results showed that the nZVI particles produced by SDR have a narrow PSD with a mean diameter of 65nm; on the contrary, particles produced by BSTR shows bimodal PSD with modal sizes of 105 nm and 400 nm, respectively. Experimental tests of nitrates reduction in water have been performed, using both the particles produced by the above mentioned techniques. Results of batch tests showed that the highest removal efficiency of nitrates was observed by using the nZVI particles produced by means of SDR, as a consequence of the higher average specific surface. Since nitrate removal process involves both reduction and adsorption processes, the removal mechanism has been investigated, and the pseudo-first-order reduction kinetic model was successfully tested and reported in both cases.
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