Mass Transfer, Micromixing and Chemical Reactions Carried out in the Rotor-Stator Mixer
Baldyga, J.
Jasinska, M.
Kotowicz, M.
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Baldyga J., Jasinska M., Kotowicz M., 2017, Mass Transfer, Micromixing and Chemical Reactions Carried out in the Rotor-Stator Mixer, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 57, 1321-1326.
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Two pairs of fast competitive complex test reactions: neutralization competing with ethyl chloroacetate hydrolysis in the first case, and neutralization competing with 2,2-dimetoxypropane (DMP) hydrolysis in the second case, have been applied do study drop breakup, mass transfer and micromixing in two types of the rotor-stator mixers: Silverson 088/150 MS and T 50 Ultra-Turrax® - IKA. In experiments effects of process conditions on the product distribution of chemical test reactions and the drop size distribution were determined. The product distribution of complex test reactions was evaluated based on results of high- performance liquid and gas chromatography measurements. The drop size distribution was measured with the Malvern MasterSizer just after the process.
The multifractal model of intermittent turbulence as well as mass transfer and micromixing models were applied to interpret and predict the course of the processes of drop breakage, mass transfer, mixing and complex chemical reactions. The population balance modeling was applied to integrate effects of different mixing and chemical reaction effects. Based on experimental data and model predictions the energetic efficiencies of drop breakage and mass transfer in the rotor-stator mixers were identified and discussed.
The models of mass transfer in liquid-liquid systems are discussed in detail. The first models based on physics of mass transfer phenomena were proposed by Levich and Batchelor in sixties and seventies years of the 20th century, and were further developed by other researchers. Here we apply two models, the first one was proposed by Polyanin and the second one by Favelukis and Lavrenteva. Both models are based on the original concept of Levich, the second one includes effects on mass transfer of drop deformation to the shape of prolate ellipsoid. Limitations of both models are presented and possibilities of improvement of their performance are discussed.
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